Wednesday, June 10, 2020
Historic Leader Assessment: History of King Leopold II (Coursework Sample) Content: Students NameInstructors NameClass NameDateHistory of King Leopold IIKing Leopold II was the second King of Belgians and was born in April 1835 and died in December 1909. He is perceived as the oldest son of Leopold I and Louise of Orleans since he was the oldest surviving son of the family, but the second born. He became the second King of Belgium as a predecessor to his father, in the year 1865. In this paper, we will be looking at the early life of King Leopold II, assess his personality and describe him based on the big five personality traits. King Leopold IIs Early Life King Leopold II was born in Brussels as the second born of the first king of Belgium, Leopold I The French revolutionary events of 1848, which had spared Belgium caused King Leopold IIs mother to flee to the United Kingdom(Ocampo 34)., which at the time was being ruled by a cousin to Leopold (Queen Victoria). Barely two years later, Louise Philippe died. The death affected Louse and her health d eteriorated, leading to her death later in the same year. At the time of his mothers death, Leopold was only 15 years of age. Marriage Life The death of his mother seemed to cause Leopold need to look for new companionship and three years later (1853) at the age of 18 years; Leopold married Marie Henriette who was from Austria in Brussels, on the 22nd day of August. Marie was a very friendly lady and social. She was pretty beautiful and she was consequently labeled, The rose of Brabant. This marriage resulted into birth of four children, three of whom were daughters and one son. The son was also named Leopold and unfortunately died from pneumonia after accidentally falling into a pond in year 1869 at the age of nine. This death of the son brought a lot of sorrow to the family, leading to unhappy living. This was mainly because the family had lost the potential heir of the kingship after King Leopold II. The family had tried to get another son, but it never materialised and worse to them, resulting to the birth of their last daughter, Clementine. The father was unhappy with the birth of another daughter into the family, leading to complete separation of the couple. Thereafter, King Leopold II had many mistresses, with one of the notable being Caroline Lacroix. Caroline was a French prostitute aged 16 years and remained with King Leopold II since 1899 for a decade until the death of the king. Sources close to King Leopold II reported that Caroline was not familiar to the Belgians and prior the death of the king; they had married secretly some 5 days before the king died, in a religion based ceremony. Due to the nature of the nature of the Belgian law, the marriage was rendered invalid due to their failure to perform a civil ceremony. Although Caroline had bore King Leopold II two sons, the sons could not claim the throne since their mothers marriage was not recognised by the government. King Leopold IIs Political Career King Leopold IIs political career was easy to start, since his elder brother who would have been the automatic heir of his father had died. He was therefore the only potential successor. At the age of nine, he was given the tittle Duke of Brabant and consequently appointed in the army as a sub-lieutenant. His official political life started upon reaching the majority age, when he became a member of the Belgian senate. In his life before succeeding his father, he liked exploration, travelling mostly to the Mediterranean countries and those along the coast. Following the death of his father on 10th December 1865, he took an oath to succeed his father as the King and on 17th December he took office at the age of 30 years. King Leopold IIs reign realised many developments politically. Among the major developments was his move, making the primary education free and compulsory. He also withdrew all the state support on Roman Catholic primary schools. During his reign, some social changes were enacted into law, among which were th e freedom to form labour unions by workers. He also oversaw laws against child labour being passed, which defined limits within which children under certain ages should act. For instance, the law stated that children under the age of 12 were not allowed to work in factories. Another major achievement in his reign also, was the constitution. The historical1st revision of the Belgians constitution was achieved in the year 1893, led by Leopold II. During his reign, King Leopold II overcame an assassination by Rubino, an Italian anarchist (Hochschild 312). The assassination had been designed to capture the King unaware while he was travelling on his royal cortege from a ceremony of his deceased wife. After King Leopold IIs carriage has passed, the assassin fired three bullets at the king but luckily, they all missed him. Rubino could not escape arrest by the police and has arrested immediately. King Leopold II has been remembered in his political life, for founding and exploiting the C ongo Free State (Morel 80-87). After many failed trials to obtain colony, King Leopold II focused on Africa through a disguised company which was named International African Society and sent the famous explorer Henry Stanley as an ambassador to explore and establish in Congo, a colony. Henry succeeded and Congo Free State was established, which today is known as Democratic Republic of Congo. A Description of the Environment King Leopold II Lived in Using Hofstedes Cultural DimensionsIn any society, understanding of how people are connected across different cultures is paramount. The psychologist Dr. Geert Hosstede through his research based on data collected on IBM discovered some pattern, and called them the five dimensions of culture. I will use those dimensions, to describe the environment in which King Leopold II grew up in. i. Power/Distance (PD) Leopold II lived in a society which was governed by a monarchical government and the Kingships were acquired through succession from one family and therefore the societal connections were loose. Based on this dimension of culture, the environment in which King Leopold II grew up can be described as having high PD. ii. Individualism (IDV) This dimension of culture describes the strength of the ties which exist between people in the community. The interpersonal connection in the environment in which King Leopold II grew up, was low and therefore there was high IDV. iii. Masculinity (MAS) The dimension looks at how children are perceived or treated in the community with respect to their gender. In the society in which King Leopold II grew up in, seems to prefer male children as opposed to female gender. This can be evident in the case where Leopold II was not happy with his family after the death of their son and even separating with his wife, after the last attempt to look for a boy failed to materialise, resulting into the birth of their lastborn daughter, Clemente. The successors of the kings were supposed to be male and hence from these instances, we can conclude that the masculinity in the environment in which King Leopold II grew up in was high (high MAS). iv. Uncertainty/Avoidance Index (UAI) This dimension looks at the level to which people look for new truths. King Leopold II lived in an environment in which they sought new colonies and he himself established the Cong Free State. We can therefore, under this dimension describe his environment as with Low UAI. v. Long Term Orientation In this dimension, the point of interest is how society values long-standing. King Leopold II believed that acquisition of colony was important for empowerment of his nation in the long run. There was also education systems supported by Belgian government which would indicate that the environment in which King Leopold II grew up valued the long-standing by empowering the youth through education. There is also evidence that the society values tradition, since the king supposed to be succeeded by his eldes t son, as dictated by their tradition. We can therefore describe the environment as with high LTO. Description of King Leopold II based on Big Five personality traits According to Fiske, personalities can be viewed from five common dimensions: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (John 7). In this paper, I will be looking at King Leopold II under these dimensions. a. Openness In this personality, the persons seem to depict characteristics such as being very imaginative (Srivastava). Such people seem to have a broad interest range. They are interested in many things than the normal people. Looking at King Leopold II, he was very much i...
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Around the United States there are people needing an organ transplant. There are waiting lists for adults and children needing an organ. It may be difficult for some people to decide what would be right, if donation is the correct answer. Some people are not well informed on organ donations. Family members might not want for their loved ones to donate their organs. Why should we donate? If we are born with our own body parts why would we want to destitute them? These questions are a matter of debate, some people want to donate their organs to help someone. Some people have opted out of donating their organs. Religion has a lot to do with organ donation. The Church Of Christ do not allow their church members to donate their organs. They rely on spiritual healing. It may not be for religion beliefs, but it may be the fact that someone else living with their organs would not sit well with them. There are people that do not feel comfortable discussing the donation of organs. People may not want to donate their organ to someone who damaged their own organ. For example, alcoholics could have scarred their own livers to the point they have cirrhosis, no longer of proper use of the liver. Some might argue that they got in that position so they can get themselves out. Other people might not be fully informed of the donation of organs and will decided that it might not be for them. Adults and children alike benefit from organ donation. Children unfortunately, are on waiting listShow MoreRelatedOrgan Donation And The United States1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the United States 123,289 people are on a waiting list for an organ donation (Organ and Tissue Donations, 2015). Out of these individuals, nearly 10 die each day waiting for an organ (All About Donation, 2015). The need for organ donation has increased dramatically with the many advances in medicine (FAQ, 2011). To be considered an organ donor in the United States one must sign a Uniform Donor Card, however, once an individual has deceased, the family must provide consent to participate inRead MoreShould The United States Congress Adopt The Presumed Consent Method For Organ Donations?1809 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesOzair Manji Dr. Moses Capstone 24 September 2015 Should the United States congress adopt the presumed consent method for organ donations? Introduction to Policy Controversy The current system of the United States as well as most of Europe for organ obtaining is through presumed refusal, which is also known as the Ã¢â¬Å"opt-inÃ¢â¬ system. In this system a personÃ¢â¬â¢s organs cannot and, Ã¢â¬Å"will not be removed from his/her postmortem body unless he/she has explicitly consented to this being done.Ã¢â¬ (Taylor 383)Read MoreOrgan Supply Vs Organ Demand : Ethical Issues That Arise1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKirubel Tesema Debra Berry English 102-1417 23 June 2015 Organ Supply vs Organ Demand: Ethical Issues that arise Organ donation has the power to change a life ending incident into a life giving one. Throughout the United States many patients are suffering due to the lack of a vital organ, because there is more demand than supply of organs, many patients die without ever receiving one. Although organ donation saves many lives, there have been questions in regards to ethics that surround it. PeopleRead MoreThe Ultimate Gift: The Gift of life-Organ Donation1075 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestakes you being an organ donor. Organ donation has negative connotation tied to its back. even though many people in todays society believe that no wrong can happen in their life but in reality we are not invincible and accidents do happen and your time will come to end sometime. The act of organ donation is a compassionate and the humane choice for a person to make. Transplantation is a modern medical marven. Despite continuing advances in medicine and technology, the need for organs and tissue is vastlyRead MoreOrga n Donation Persuasive Essay701 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesyour fingers. You wish you could help, but you canÃ¢â¬â¢t. Someone else can. An organ donor. According to organdonor.gov, about 116,000 U.S. citizens are waiting on the organ transplant list as of August 2017. To put that number into perspective, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s more than double the amount of people that can fit into Yankee Stadium. And to make matters worse, 20 people each day die waiting for a transplant.(organdonor.gov) Organ donation can offer patients a second chance at life and provides comfort to the recipientRead MoreFinancial Compensation for Organ Donation Essay1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the United States, there are over one hundred thousand people on the waiting list to receive a life-saving organ donation, yet only one out of four will ever receive that precious gift (Statistics Facts, n.d.). The demand for organ donation has consistently exceeded supply, and the gap between the number of recipients on the waiting list and the number of donors has increased by 110% in the last ten years (OReilly, 2009). As a result, some propose radical new ideas to meet these demands,Read MoreOrgan Procurement And Transplantation Network1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPresumed Consent in the United States In the United States alone, twenty-one people die each day while waiting for a donated organ to become available for transplant. The number of people in need of a transplant is growing much faster than the number of cadaveric organ donors: from 1988 to 2012, the number of people on the waiting list grew from 15,029 to 117,040, while, during the same interval, the number of deceased donors rose from 5,901 to a still inadequate 14,011 (Ã¢â¬Å"Organ Procurement and TransplantationRead MoreOrgan Donations1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMichael Aguila Prof. Leblanc SPC 21 October 2012 Organ Donation Topic: Organ Donation General Purpose: To educate the class on the importance of organ donations. Specific Purpose: To persuade the class to not let their organs go to waste. Thesis Statement: Donating your organs allows a life to be prolonged. It also allows scientific studies to prevent future occurrences or finding a cure for a disease. Organizational Pattern: MonroeÃ¢â¬â¢s Motivational Sequence Visual Aids: Power-PointRead MoreOrgan Donation : Organ Donations Essay1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPreviously organ donation has encountered organ donors and organ supply rejections. Organ donation challenges and demands decreased as the organ shortages increase over the years. Organ donation mission is to save many terminally ill recipients at the end stages of their lives, the significance of the organ donation is to give back to restore oneÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life. The ongoing issues may present an idealistic portrait of how these issues may be resolved. As a result organ donation mission is toRead MoreBecome an Organ Donor Essay1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBecome an Organ Donation Organ donation is a sacrifice that can touch many people through one personÃ¢â¬â¢s unselfish gift. Granted that gift most often comes after a tragic loss of a loved one. As the bearer of three functioning kidneys, I have always considered organ donation to be the expected norm. But today, the focus will be to enlighten you on the reasons to consider organ donation. Organ donations are needed for every age group, race, and ethnic groups. Each person should take the opportunity
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The Great Awakening was when religion was sweeping throughout New England with more conversions and church membership. This spiritual awakening took place from 1735 up until 1745. (Brief Outline Notes on the Great Awakening, 1735-45 ) Most of this had taken place within the American Colonies, especially New England.(McCormick, pars. 9) . The Great Awakening had many causes, however the consequences benefitted many. Many people were moving farther and farther away from religion, the Great Awakening was a revitalization that had tried to change that. There was a huge decline in church membership and the church wanted people to get back to god. As well as the Enlightenment, this was a time period where many people were usingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Another principle leader in the south of the Awakening was Samuel Davies from Virginia. He read to his neighbors the sermons of Whitefield and Luther. He preached moderately, however it`s effect was numerous. The passionate sermons of these people led to the revival of religon. More people came to church for the worship of god from their heart. These ministers and preachers helped cause the Great Awakening that led to many benificial consequences.(Lecture 4). The work of these ministers and preachers paid off because of the satisfactory results. A major result was the unification of many Americans through religion. As well as the understanding of Christian faith and life. Many non- established groups grew and enjoyed much more respect,such as the Baptists, Methodists and Presbyterians(Lecture 4). The colonists also figured out that they can do things on their own. They didn`t need others to interpret the bible for them. This helped the colonists fight back against George III and his tyrannical ways. They put in religious control over the destiny over their nation and instead of asking the church about independence, they sought help from god (Great Awakening).Colonists had infact also figured out that any man can go to heaven. Even if they have money or not, religion apparently back then stressed equality, this led to disturbances to theShow MoreRelatedThe Enlightenment and the Great Awakening.1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Great Awakening and the Enlightenment were two historical events that shaped the thoughts of people and religion in America. The most important factor in both of these events is the common theme of reason behind the movements. The Great Awakening began about the 1930s and reached its climax ten years later in 1740. What exactly was the Great Awakening? It was a wave of religion revivals sweeping through New England that increased conversions and church membership. The beginnings of the GreatRead MoreGreat Awakening Essay1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescomfortable and assertive, and had forgotten its original intentions of religious prosperity. The result was a revitalization of religious piety that swept through the American colonies between the 1730s and the 1770s, a movement known as The Great Awakening. This revival was part of an evangelical upsurge occurring simultaneously in England, Scotland, Germany, and other inhabitants on the other side of the Atlantic. In all these Protestant cultures, a new Age of Faith had arisen contrasting theRead MoreThe Great Awakening Of The 1730s1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Great Awakening of the 1730s significantly altered the social structure of early Americal colonial society. The laityÃ¢â¬â¢s internal subjectivity and passional experiences wer e validated in regards to religious sentiments. This novel type of engagement of the laity is significant, as previously voiceless social and racial classes were given the authority to proclaim and propagate their interpretations of biblical scripture. The New LightsÃ¢â¬â¢ emphasis on the transformative power of the Holy SpiritRead MoreThe Great Awakening By Theodorus Frelinghuysen884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBefore the Great Awakening, Theodorus Frelinghuysen, a German pastorÃ¢â¬â¢s son, born on November 6, 1692 in Lingen, Germany answered the call to theology. After FrelinghuysenÃ¢â¬â¢s education at the University of Lingen and ordination in 1717, he accepted his first pastoral commitment at Emden, then another one at East-Friesland before accepting a sub-rectorship position./At that time, his doctrine ascribed to living a Godly confessional style of piousness with heart, mind, and soul regarding the law, realizingRead MoreAnalysis Of The First Great Awakening1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom late 17th century to early 18th century, the First Great Awakening was a period of religious growth throughout the British American colonies from approximately 1720 to the 1740s. This awakening was led by many religious figures such as John Wesley - a founder of Methodism in the Church of England, George Whitefield - an Anglican who preached throughout the colonies from 1739 to 1740, and Jonathan Edwards - an Apologist of the Great Awakening who led the revival in Northampton, Massachusetts. AlthoughRead MoreThe Second Great Awakening Essay531 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages In the 1830s, 1840s, and beyond, There is a Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening had a decided impact on American society. In the following I will describe what the Great Awakening was and how it changed life in America. In essence, the Great Awakening was a religious awakening. It started in the South. Tent camps were set up that revolve around high spirited meetings that would last for days. These camp meetings were highly emotional and multitudes of people were filledRead MoreJonathan Edwards : The Great Awakening1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMinna Autry Mrs. Nicki Brewer American Literature 20 November 2015 Title Jonathan Edwards was one of the most famed evangelical preachers in the Age of the Great Awakening. He is best known for his most impactful sermon, Ã¢â¬Å"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.Ã¢â¬ Edwards preached with fury and conviction of the All Great our God. He preached for the wanderers; those lost in their spiritual belief. Edwards uses a wide variety of figurative language and rhetorical techniques to urge unregenerate ChristiansRead MoreThe Great Awakening By Christine Leigh Heyrman1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Great Awakening A restructuring of religious doctrine, beliefs, and social practices during the 17th and 18th centuries in England, and in North America, infused with Calvinistic religious doctrine initiated the beginning of The Great Awakening. Following this further, according to Christine Leigh Heyrman, The First Great Awakening: Divining America,Ã¢â¬ a New Age of faith rose to counter the currents of the Age of Enlightenment. Ultimately reaffirming the view that being truly religious meant trustingRead MoreThe First Great Awakening And The Age Of Enlightenment1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesreason and depend solely on biblical revelation. During the eighteenth century, a great movement known as the First Great Awakening swept through Protestant Europe and America, leaving a permanent impact on Protestantism. Furthermore, during the First Great Awakening, American colonists gained a deeper sense of personal revelation through the salvation of Jesus Christ. Unlike the Age of Enlightenment, the Great Awakening introduced Christianity into the American colonies as well as reshaping many differentRead MoreThe Great Awakening During The British Colonies2401 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe First Great Awakening in the British Colonies found its way across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe around 1730-1740s, and it had a profound impact on the course of the colonies, especially during the latter half of the Eighteenth Century, as they became independent from King George IIIÃ¢â¬â¢s tyranny. The Great Awakening was a movement rooted in spiritual growth in which it brought a new national identity that swept through the Puritans in Colonial America. Certain Puritans at time began to disassociate
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Foils of Laertes and Fortinbras in Hamlet William Shakespeare wrote the classic play, Hamlet in the sixteenth century. Hamlet would be a very difficult play to understand without the masterful use of foils. A foil is a minor character in a literary work that compliments the main character through similarities and differences in personality. The audience can identify similarities and differences between any of the characters and Hamlet, however, there are two characters that share so much in common with Hamlet that they have to be considered the most important foils in the play. These two characters are Laertes and Fortinbras. It is the great similarities between Laertes, Fortinbras, and Hamlet that make theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Betrayal was also a similarity shared by the two. Hamlet betrayed his father when he speaks spitefully toward his mother in her chambers. Laertes betrays King Claudius in the end when he tells of the plot to kill Hamlet. The two characters had many things in common but they also had d ifferences. The biggest difference between the two was their haste at revenging their fathers. Hamlet thought a lot about how and when to kill Claudius. Hamlet was concerned about much more than just the revenge of his father. He was worried about his own salvation and the salvation of King Claudius. Laertes did not contemplate at all about the revenge of his father. He first thought it was King Claudius that killed his father and brought a rebellion to the castle to kill the King. When Laertes found out that it was Hamlet he just wanted to kill him, it was King Claudius who devised a plan and thought out the murder of Hamlet. The biggest difference in their attitudes toward revenge is shown by the fact that Hamlet would not kill Claudius in prayer because he might go to heaven, but Laertes didnt care and said that he would kill Hamlet in the church. This clearly differentiates the amount of thought put into revenge between the two characters. The similarities between the characters allow the audience to compare them, but the more important use of this foil is the difference. AristotleShow MoreRelatedA Compare/Contrast of Hamlet through his foils - Laertes, Fortinbras and Horatio.1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescharacters. Hamlet is by far Shakespeares most compelling character. In Shakespeares play Hamlet, various character traits, exhibited by Hamlet, can be seen through his foils. Similarities with Hamlet and Horatios education, as well as their levels, can be drawn. However, Hamlets character is in constant change and even philosophical. Fortinbras, without question encompasses many of Hamlets qualities. They are both born with nobility, along with a similar lineage. However, Fortinbras is more aggressiveRead MoreFoils Of William Shakespeare s Hamlet Essay1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA foil is a character who acts as the opposite to another character and consequently highlights important features of that characterÃ¢â¬â¢s personality . A foil characte r often contrasts with the features of another character. In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet , there are obvious foils for the main character, Hamlet. These foils include Horatio, Fortinbras, Claudius, and Laertes. William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet, is a an excellent demonstration of character foils. A foil is also known as a literary device that revealsRead MoreHamlet, by William Shakespeare, Play Study734 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesone another? Foils highlight the characteristics of the protagonist by contrasting their behavior to other characters. Hamlet is a foil to Fortinbras, Laertes, Horatio, and Claudius. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father kills FortinbrasÃ¢â¬â¢s father, Claudius kills HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father, and Hamlet kills LaertesÃ¢â¬â¢s father. Each character reacts differently to the situations they are put in. Though similar in some ways, the character differences are magnified when they are challenged. Fortinbras is opposite Hamlet when it comesRead MoreThe Foils of Hamlet Essay646 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesA foil is a minor character in a literary work that compliments the main character through similarities and differences in personality and plot. In William Shakespeares play Hamlet, the main character, Hamlet, has three major foils. These foils are his close friend Horatio, Fortinbras, Prince of Norway, and the brother of his love, Laertes. These three characters contradict and enhance Hamlets major characteristics. Hamlets friend Horatio is a foil for him because he brings out the revengeRead MoreHamlet the Avenger1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesargued as the fuel for Hamlet, Laertes and Fortinbras. In the play Hamlet, by William F. Shakespeare; Hamlet, Fortinbras and Laertes are all noble young men avenging the deaths of their fathers. However, the ways these characters went about with their revenge were in complete contrast with each other. While hamlet waits and analyzes the death of his father before seeking revenge, Laertes hears of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death and immediately seeks vengeance on PoloniusÃ¢â¬â¢ murderer and Fortinbras strives to regainRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet - Foil Characters868 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinvolving one or more foil characters. A foil character is one who contrasts the main character so greatly that his/her actions point out opposite qualities in the main character. William Shakespeare uses foil characters in his drama, Hamlet. He portrays Hamlet as a ve ngeful prince who cannot act on his own thoughts and desires. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s inability to act becomes more prominent to readers when Shakespeare introduces Laertes and Fortinbras into the play. Both LaertesÃ¢â¬â¢ and FortinbrasÃ¢â¬â¢ persistent attemptsRead MoreCharacters Of William Shakespeare s Hamlet886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilliam ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet, some specific characteristics of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s peers help to show the character of Hamlet to the audience. Horatio supports every bold decision Hamlet makes, and is an authentic loyal friend. Fortinbras is a foil perceived in the play, and he wants to avenge his father s death. Laertes, PoloniusÃ¢â¬â¢s son and OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s brother, is passionate and impulsive, who is also identified as HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s foil. As Shakespeare reveal HoratioÃ¢â¬â¢s, LaertesÃ¢â¬â¢, and FortinbrasÃ¢â¬â¢ traits he also showsRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesas foils to the title characters . In Romeo and Juliet, the unseen Rosaline and the conventional Parris contrast with the heavily featured Juliet and her unpredictable partner, Romeo. In Macbeth, the decisive Lady Macbeth contrasts with her indecisive husband, Macbeth. In Hamlet, Shakespeare creates one of his most polarizing title characters. Detailing HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s quest to avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death, Shakespeare shows how Hamlet contrasts with other characters. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s foils Laertes, Fortinbras, andRead MoreSurface, Depth, And A Reflected World Of Hamlet1830 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesStevenson Dr. Sigler EN 102 16 November 2015 Surface, Depth, and a Reflected World of Hamlet Although dynamic characters typically develop through solely personal obstacles, William Shakespeare uses the character of Hamlet as a contradiction by illustrating his growth through other characters. In Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Shakespeare strategically uses Laertes and Fortinbras in order to foil the character of Hamlet. An extended metaphor of a pond is created and through tangled family ties, internalRead MoreEssay on Hamlet- The Characters766 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHamlet The prince of Denmark, and a student at the University of Wittenberg. At the beginning of the play, Hamlets father, King Hamlet, has recently died, and his mother, Queen Gertrude, has married the new king, Hamlets uncle Claudius. Hamlet is melancholy, bitter, and cynical, full of hatred for his uncle and disgust at his mother for marrying him. When the ghost of Hamlets father appears and claims to have been murdered by Claudius, Hamlet becomes obsessed with avenging his fathers death
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Technology is advancing and becoming complex in our society, as it propels our daily lives. In learning environments such as schools, most students are able to acknowledge the learning differences between themselves and their teachers. These differences occur because a student is more likely to be a digital native, whereas the teacher is considered to group with digital immigrants. Digital immigrants are those who are able to understand the relevance of technology, but choose to utilize it differently. However, digital natives are those who are born in a generation in which technology is at easy access. Since a digital nativeÃ¢â¬â¢s mind is introduced to technology in an earlier stage in life, it functions differently than a digital immigrantÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Digital immigrants, those who are born in the era of writing letters and finding research from literal texts find it difficult to adapt to technology (Small, 2001, p. 4) On the other hand; the digital natives bo rn with technology have incorporated it in their daily routines. Vicky RideoutÃ¢â¬â¢s study of the amount of time kids this generation spend on technology shows that children and teenagers ages 8 to 18 are accustomed to technology that that they on average spend twice as much time with screens each year (Richtel, 2014, p. 4). The increased amount of time using technology is able to impact the brains learning manner because it strengthens and tests their mindÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to perform activities. New York Times mentions the two surveys done by the Pew Internet Project, and Common Sense Media in San Francisco. In the Common Sense report, for instance, some teachers said that even though the attention span of digital natives may not be as great as digital immigrants but the constant use of technology at home and in class test their brain development and allow them to improve in in subjects like math and science (Richtel, 2014, p. 21). Including technology in digital natives every day routine helps test the brain skills of students. This is also proven true as the University of Vanderbilt introduces more technology into the classroom, faculty are finding it raises the quality of class discussion and involves students focus and are more skilled in their educationalShow MoreRelatedDigital Immigrants, Digital Natives: Myth or Reality? Essay1040 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Firstly recorded in the report of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) survey in 1995, (Servon, 2002), the term Digital Divide presents an interesting quandary of information and communication technologies (ICT) disparities among countries in the world, especially between developed and developing countries. Many reports even showed that access to ICT in these information Ã¢â¬Å"haveÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"have-notsÃ¢â¬ countries was unequally even (Bridges.org, 2001; Fuchs Read MoreDigital And Digital Immigrants By Marc Presky1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The article Ã¢â¬Å"Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants by Marc Presky, appears in the book On the Horizon. The article asserts that due to the the anacrusis of the digital age, this generation has changed dramatically, thus, it is no longer possible to reach them through obsolete teaching methods, as it comes close to teaching them in a foreign language. 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Canadian Journal on Chemical Engineering Technology Vol. 3 No. 3, April 2012 A Study of Water Quality Near to a Coral Reef Site in the Region of Dubai, United Arab Emirates Rami El Khatib, Adnan Falah, Golaleh Tavakoli, Christine D cruz and Jasmine Pereira Abstract Ã¢â¬â The water quality near to a coral reef site in Jebel Ali, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) was studied. Many Physico-Chemical parameters for water samples taken at two different depths (0.5 m and 1.0 m) parallel to a coral reef site were measured and analyzed. The data showed that the pH is equal to 6.4, 6.1 respectively which indicates an acidic environment. The average of total dissolved solids (TDS) is approximately equal to 43,600 mg/L and 43,200Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Coastal engineering, land reclamation and dredging have also caused severe damage to corals along the mainland coast, especially in UAE and Bahrain. -Authors: Rami El Khatib (Correspondence), Adnan Falah, Golaleh Tavakoli, Christine D cruz and Jasmine Pereira, School of Environment and Health Sciences, Canadian University of Dubai, Dubai, UAE. 54 Canadian Journal on Chemical Engineering Technology Vol. 3 No. 3, April 2012 II. MATERIALS AND METHODS Chemicals, reagents used for water analysis experiment were of Hana, HPLC grade and were stored under dry conditions. HANA Spectroquant tests Kits are used to measure the concentration of inorganic species in water spectrophotometrically. Instruments, HI 83200 Multiparameter Bench Photometer was used to measure the concentration of inorganic species in water at specific wavelength (Ã »nm), using appropriate reagents HANA Spectroquant test Kits plus spectrometer in the wavelength range 190 Ã¢â¬â 1100 nm using 1 cm matched quartz cells. Sample collection, sea water samples were collected from six points parallel to the coral reef. Three samples were taken 8m from the shore at a depth of 0.5 m and three samples were taken 15m from the shore at a depth of 1.0 m (Fig. 3). Samples were then analyzed within one week from the time of collection. Water samples collected were subjected to: Fig.1 United ArabShow MoreRelatedBurj Al Arab4747 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesKsenia Kozlova European University Burj Al Arab - Dubai, United Arab Emirates Reasons for the choice I have chosen the Burj al Arab hotel for the following reasons: first of all I have been twice in Dubai, and I have really enjoyed it, then it has been my dream for the last two years to come back to the UAE and to spend at least one night in this wonderful hotel. I hope my dream will come true this year. I am planning to visit this country this September, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why IÃ¢â¬â¢veRead MoreDevelopment and Globalisation Essay7740 Words Ã |Ã 31 PagesDevelopment and Globalisation Development A process of social and economic advancement in terms of the quality of human life. Development can involve can involve economic, demographic, social political and cultural changes. Development is a term that can be used in many different contexts whether it is social, economical, political etc. However generally development refers to an improvement in certain areas: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Economic o An increase in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy with
Question: Discuss about the use of Social Media by Business and Governments. Answer: Introduction Social media is an integral medium of communication in events of emergencies such as flooding, bush fires and fire emergencies. Due to the low usage of bandwidth of social medias, the information can be transferred quickly from one place to another without any delay which is essential in the event of an emergency. People tend to look towards social media channels endorsed by government during the state of an emergency. Social media is used extensively by governmental bodies as it helps in the sharing and coordinating information among emergency staffs who are located in multiple regions. It also helps in focusing and coordinating volunteers. It plays an important role in connecting communities with ample amounts of support services. It also helps in understanding the situational information from the communities who use social medias to prepare a proper response and management team. Time to tim e update is also achieved via social medias which is important for preparing the proper rel ief operations in the event of crisis. In the proposed report, the effective use of social media during an emergencies have been analyzed. The risks and benefits associated with social media during the emergency has been highlighted and evaluated. The proper way of handling a potential threat of fire to a regional community has been discussed. For assessing the context, the case of Hazelwood Mine fire has been taken as an example and the use of social media in the proposed scenario has been evaluated. Discussion Brief Introduction of The Case Study Figure 1: Hazelwood Coal mine fire (Source: Cliff 2015) On February 9th 2014, a fire broke out in a coal mine of Hazelwood Power station. The fire was described as one of the most complex and longest running fire in the history of the state by the Country Fire Authority. The ash and smoke from the fire affected the residents that were living in the nearby towns. The people of South Morwell were relocated by the Victorian Chief Health Officer as the region was covered with dangerous particles of PM 2.5. The fire highlighted the need for proper inquiry and effective preparation of the part of the government to tackle such problems. The fire was brought into control on March 10, 2014 (Cliff 2015). Figure 2: Hazelwood coal mine fire (Source: Macnamara 2015) The Fire inquiry report of Hazelwood coal mine fire stated that the communities who were living around the power station faced adverse health conditions. The financial impact was faced by both the government and the businesses due to medical costs, relocation of homes, destruction in property and downturn in the businesses (Siskey et al. 2016). Handling a Potential Threat of Fire for a Regional Community using social media For effectively handling a potential threat of fire for the local communities, some steps have been devised for the local government to assess and implement during a crisis. The steps have been devised keeping the main focus on the effective use of social media during a fire emergency. State emergency and local officials should share their official websites and social medias to the regional community members so that they can stay up to date about the transit changes, evacuation routes, status about the fire, emergency numbers and other relevant informations (Criado, Sandoval-Almazan and Gil-Garcia 2013). The state officials should manage their Twitter account judiciously to respond directly to the community and correct any misinformation. During the emergency, hundreds of people will upload their eye witness accounts and damage photos which can be effectively used by the state department to formulate an escape strategy and response efforts. News Medias can encourage the local public to use particular hashtags so that everyone can check the relevant messages (Simon, Goldberg and Adini 2015). In this way, effective and coordinated distribution of information around the region can help in effective handling of the emergency situation. A crisis mapping technology can be implemented just like in Haiti when an earthquake occurred in Port au prince. The open source mapping technology can help in mapping geo tagged messages of Twitter and other online links. The blue badges provided in the next figure shows the content items which can be accessed by the concerned authorities to access the associated contents. This tool is very useful in gaining valuable information during a crisis and initiate appropriate recovery strategies (Oliveira and Welch 2013). The crisis map can be used to aggregate the social media information like geo tagged messages and emails. Figure 3: An example of a crisis map of Australian fires (Source: Google Crisis Map 2018) The government can also take advantage of SMS and smartphone technology to initiate a charity campaign. The relief that can be gained from the campaign can be used to address the affected people who lost their homes and those who are in need of a basic funding due to the fire emergency. The government can use Google Person Finder to share and collect information about people who went missing during the crisis. The website is capable of tracking hundreds of accounts days after the crisis. Critical information can be distributed through the official twitter account of the government. Voluntary efforts can be made through dedicated facebook pages who organize their efforts to help those who are in dire need of aid (Mergel 2013). An emergency alert network can be created by the authorities which can be used to generate emergency updates and notification in the event of a crisis. The government can also review its emergency broadcasting systems to increase the internet broadcasting capabilities so that more people can access the Social Medias to convey emergency messages. Public should be informed and educated about how a social media can be utilized as a part of the public information systems and the emergency warning system (Wendling, Radisch and Jacobzone 2013). Furth er research needs to be conducted so that the effective use of social media can be incorporated with information exchange during a crisis. The ideal way of implementing social media to handle a potential fire threat is written in the following methods and descriptions. The first method is developing a strategic plan. The target audience, staffing requirements, objectives and tactics need to be identified. The governance structure needs to be created for approval (Imran et al. 2013). The ideal social media channel needs to be identified. Second, the policies need to be established. Documents need to be developed which will be used as a guide by emergency managers for proper use of social media. Policies which provide effective leadership support need to be implemented. Third, a social media presence need to be established. The concerned authorities need to create accounts in popular social media for maintain an active presence online. They need to engage with the communities properly in advance. Fourth, the expectations need to be managed. The prospective people need to be engaged early in the process so that they can have realistic expectation during the time of a fire emergency (Kryvasheyeu et al. 2016). The frequency of communication between the people and officials need to be properly stated. Fifth, the operation concept need to be established. The management process of the social media need to be determined during a fire emergency. More staffs need to be trained so that they can be allocated to monitor the social media during a fire emergency. The emergency management plans needs to incorporate strategies related to social media. Sixth, frequent updates need to be distributed. The public needs to be pre engaged son that the visibility is increased during emergency as well as no emergency scenarios (Potts 2013). Seventh, coordination with other organizations need to be conducted. An online central source can be set up for distributing information from numerous sources about fire emergency related topics (De Albuquerque et al. 2015). The social media channels also need to be coordinated regionally. Eight, social media content needs to be monitored. The community members need to be engaged in communications where all their queries can be properly answered. Ninth, public information need to be evaluated. The method of receiving official messages through social media channels need to be monitored (Graham and Avery 2013). Incorrect rumors need to be quickly decimated. Social media management tools need to be utilized for analyzing documents. Tenth, utilization of visual maps. Location services, for example crisis maps need to be used to provide more visual content in the case of a fire emergency. Evacuation and shelter zones need to be properly mentioned in the map (Hiltz and Plotnick 2013). Regional members should be able to upload damage reports and eyewitness accounts in the case of an emergency. Lastly, extra measures during lack of connectivity. The infrastructure of the network need to be robust and should be able to handle high demands in case of fire emergency. A contingency plan need to be established to mitigate the issues in the vent of loss of connectivity and power. Benefits of using social media during the emergency How social media was used by the CFA The 2014 Hazelwood Coal Mine fire showed a critical flaw in the information flow system between the community and the emergency management system in a dynamic manner. The Country Fire Authority (which is responsible for providing emergency service to regional townships and rural areas) performed extensive work to update their communications strategies during the emergency (Country Fire Authority 2018). Social medias such as Twitter and Facebook was used by The Country Fire Authority of Australia to understand the severity of the coal mine fire and encouraged the local communities to upload their content in the News and Media Website of The Country Fire Authority (Houston et al. 2015). This was extremely useful as the interactive multimedia website allowed people to keep in touch with the latest news, join the discussion board and provide the latest multimedia content. Figure 4: Screenshot of CFA website (Source: Country Fire Authority 2018) The timely update of information from the people living around Victoria, Australia was the key engagement strategy of CFA during the emergency. The website provided a common platform to the people for uploading pictures, videos and discussion comments to understand the severity of the condition. This information was actively used by the authorities to deploy perfect mitigation techniques for the emergency. The prompt action of relocating thousands of people (by reviewing unofficial and official information) was only possible due to the social interaction between the authorities and the local communities (Country Fire Authority 2018). A collaborative approach was deployed by CFA to engage the public in online communications. Twitter was used extensively by the authorities as a prime distribution mechanism in the time of emergencies. The detailed communication approach was used through Facebook social media (Landwehr and Carley 2014). The effective management of the social interaction was only possible due to the effective management of roles by the staff members of CFA who were handling the social media accounts. How social media was used by the government authorities Figure 5: Recovery attempts after the emergency (Source: Macnamara 2015) When the fire broke out, the government authorities started to actively monitor the social medias and made use of collaborative communication to understand the severity of the issue. Hashtags such as #Hazelwoodfire was used extensively by the public, nongovernmental as well as governmental agencies and news media to update information about the incident on social medias. The consistent use of hashtags on Social Medias was used by firefighters to assess the evacuation routes for the common public residing around the area (Lachlan et al. 2016). The use of social medias in these incidents helped the concerned authorities to formulate a response effort and demonstrate the power that these social medias can have for emergency management plans. Other benefits in general The social media gives the person an immediate voice to give their opinion about the emergency. It also assists an individual to track the progress of the recovery efforts in the case of an emergency. The social media can also alert the local communities by acting as an early warning system. It can help individuals to connect with their near and dear ones during the emergency. Businesses can contact their customers and shareholders about the emergency and update them about the efforts that are being carried out. Other businesses usually update their social media presence to tell the public to reope and rebuild their busineses. Trending hashtags can be analysed by relief organizations to boost their relief efforts in a targeted area. Risks of using social media during an emergency Figure 6: Protests after Hazelwood was widely criticized in social media (Source: Cliff 2015) Studies have shown that during an emergency, outdated and inaccurate information can be updated in social media forums which can delay the response efforts of the concerned authorities. The location of the emergency can be reported inaccurately in the forums which is a huge concern that needs to be addressed. Even after the victims are rescued, repeated tweets about rescue operations can jeopardize the entire response efforts (Mergel and Bretschneider 2013). The response time also can be falsely reported in the social media sites. Another risks related to using social media during emergency is that some organizations or individuals can deliberately delay rescue efforts by providing incorrect information (Imran et al. 2015). Trolls are hoaxes during an emergency is very common and there is little time to prove their authenticity. During an emergency, power outages are very common. This can lead to a huge technology limitation to access the social media sites for getting a proper disaster response. The number of personnel and their skills sets need to be assessed to carry out a proper response effort (Alexander 2014). These estimates can be miscalculated due to improper information that are posted in social media sites. Another risk factor during the event of an emergency is the security and privacy of personal information in social media (Wukich 2016). Besides that, there are some people in a society who do not access social media accounts. This is a huge drawback as the rescue effort messages would not reach the intended target audience during an emergency. Lack of proper training of personnel who access the social media management can also delay response efforts. Negative opinions can be targeted at a particular organization which can reduce the effect of the disaster response. Conclusion To conclude the report, it can be stated that proper methods have been discussed by which potential threats of fire can be handled by regional communities through the usage of social medias. The benefits of using social medias have been evaluated through the proposed scenario. The risks of using social medias have also been evaluated. Proper recommendations need to be analyzed so that the advantages outweigh the risks that are involved in using social media during emergencies. Social medias are used increasingly in the emergency management procedures day by day. These tools are used as they effectively disseminate information to a wide audience in a matter of minutes giving the concerned body ample time to create a response plan. These social tools are used by humanitarian bodies as well as government bodies for recovery, response and preparedness efforts by sending alert messages to the public and helping others to monitor their interactions. The report has evaluated the case study to get an insight into the advantages of social media and the key role it played in saving countless lives. Although the social tools need to evolve and has a number of drawbacks, with proper analysis by a social management team, the threats can be ignored for the proper utilization of social media. References Alexander, D.E., 2014. Social media in disaster risk reduction and crisis management.Science and engineering ethics,20(3), pp.717-733. Cliff, D., 2015. The Hazelwood Mine Fire 2014. Country Fire Authority. 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